People say that youth
is the most wonderful period in a person's life. Others are sure that young
people face too many problems nowadays.
Many people are convinced that youth and
happiness are synonyms. But an Arabian proverb says: "Youth is a kind of
illness cured only by the passing years".
I have always wondered why many people
believe that youth is the most wonderful period in a person's life. From the
psychological angle, youth is a very complicated period when young people are
undergoing the painful transition from childhood to independence. They are
facing psychological problems that may cause aggression and lead to the
rejection of adult values and experience. Socially, many young people suffer
from such problems as poverty, unemployment, low incomes, or breakdown of the
family. So alcohol and drugs may become a kind of psychological or emotional
escape for young people.
However, it would be wrong to say that
youth is the most awful period in a person's life. It is the time of parties,
dates and entertainment. What is more, youth is the period of many happy
moments, thrilling experiences and wonderful discoveries. Young people don't
usually have as many responsibilities and duties as adults do. They don't have
to work and they can spend their time on studies, hobbies and entertainment.
Youth is the time to make friends and to fall in love. Besides, young people
are usually active, enthusiastic and know what they want.
All in all, youth is a period which may
be very complicated and happy at the same time. It is impossible to protect
young people from all problems and difficulties that they have to overcome.
However, it is necessary to support them and to help them use this period
Generation gap has
always been a topical problem. Some people believe that parents and their
children will never learn to understand each other. Others are convinced that
generation gap can disappear.
There have always been great differences
between people of a younger generation and their elders because of their
different experiences, opinions, habits and behavior. Nowadays differences
between the two generations grew significantly, particularly with respect to
such matters as musical tastes, fashion, drug use, culture and politics.
In my opinion, you will hardly find a
teenager satisfied with his or her parents. Neither will you find parents not
grumbling over "younger generation" of their children. Pop music,
ultra-modern clothes, noisy parties and children's wish to have more freedom
become a stumbling-block on the way of mutual understanding between adults and
teenagers. So it seems that in most families parents don't understand their
children and children don't understand their parents.
On the other hand, the situation is not
as bad as it seems to be. There are a lot of families where parents love and
understand their children and help them cope with all difficulties. Many adults
and teenagers have respect for each other's point of view. So it is possible to
bridge the gap between parents and their children. To my mind, communication is
the best way to solve the problem. The more time adults and teenagers spend
together, the better they understand each other. Parents and children should
talk and discuss different things. Besides, it is very important for both
adults and teenagers to be selfless, patient and sincere.
To conclude, the generation gap can
disappear. If we are a little wiser, we will find a key to the heart of our
Many teenagers enjoy
being in a collective and are united in different subcultures. Some youngsters,
however, think that subcultures are for nothing.
Most teenagers are sensitive to what
their friends think of them and they are ready to do everything to be like
their peers. So many youngsters experiment with minor delinquency, inappropriate
behavior and rebellion.
Sometimes young people express their
protest forming different groups and clubs. They join these clubs according to
their interests: music, style of clothes, racial views and so on. For example,
the Skinheads are known for their intolerance to immigrants. They can be very
dangerous as they attack and kill people of other nationalities. Adolescents
often join a juvenile delinquent group to improve their status and to raise
their self-esteem. There are various groups and subcultures in which deviant
behaviour and violence play an important role and increase a youth's status. To
my mind, the existence of subcultures leads to the increase in criminality. I
strongly feel that if you want to protest, you must do it peacefully without
doing harm to other people and to yourself.
On the other hand, the situation is not
as bad as it may seem to be. There are many teenagers who don't belong to any
subcultures. They are not involved in violent or criminal behavior and they
spend much time and effort on their studies and part-time work. Such youngsters
know what they want and feel that they are responsible for their future.
To sum up, young people's lives and
happiness depend on our society: on the political and social situation in the
country, on our culture and morality. I think that if adults pay more attention
to teenagers' upbringing and education, there will be fewer subcultures and
consequently fewer crimes.
Some people say that
the main reason for juvenile delinquency is the family. Others believe that
there are many other factors that negatively influence young people's
Nowadays the problem of juvenile
delinquency is becoming more complicated and universal. In many countries rates
of youth crime have dramatically risen. But why are more and more youngsters
involved in criminal and violent behaviour?
There are a lot of reasons for juvenile
delinquency. I think that first and foremost, the family is to blame. Many
children and adolescents are neglected by their parents and some of them suffer
humiliation, abuse and violence at home. The number of mothers and fathers
deprived of their parental rights is increasing every year. Children who do not
receive adequate parental supervision are more likely to engage in criminal
activities, to truant from school and to have delinquent friends. Wishing to
prove their maturity and independence some young people commit various
offences, run away from home and use violence against their peers.
Other reasons for juvenile delinquency
include poverty, unemployment, low incomes among the young, ineffective
educational systems and so on. Many of the crimes committed by young people
are related to excessive alcohol use and drug abuse. Besides, young people's
behaviour is greatly influenced by their friends, neighbourhood and adults as
well as by the social, economic, political and cultural conditions prevailing
in a country.
To sum up, there are quite a lot of
factors that may have a negative influence on youngsters' behaviour. I strongly
feel that the prevention of juvenile delinquency is very important. More
attention should be paid to leisure and youth development activities that
prevent young people from committing crimes.
Some young people
believe that while at school they should concentrate on studying; others think
that working part-time has many advantages.
To work or not to work? That is the
question which many young people ask themselves. What advantages and
disadvantages do part-time jobs have?
Nowadays a lot of young people are happy
to get some job, for the money or the experience. They work after classes, on
weekends, or during vacations. To my mind, even part-time jobs can help them
pick up new skills, which they can develop. Working as babysitters, waiters,
cashiers or shop-assistants young people learn to be industrious, persistent,
communicative and to value time and money. What is more, part-time jobs help
develop such values as initiative, self-discipline, punctuality, practicality
and many others. Besides, a lot of young people prefer earning money to asking
their parents for some.
However, some teenagers and their
parents are sure that work will interfere with their studies and may lead to
falling grades. Besides, some young people think that it is too early for them
to work. All they need is to enjoy their carefree lives. In some families young
people don't work because their parents are rich enough and they do not need
extra money they can earn. But I still believe that work is a valuable
experience for teenagers.
To conclude, it's up to you to decide
whether to work part-time or to concentrate on studying. Anyway, I think that
work experience can help young people develop the skills which employers look
for and realize their own abilities.