Technology is an
important part of our lives. We use computers and other electric equipment at
work and in the home. However, some people believe we rely too much on
machines, and that the more technology improves, the lazier and weaker humans
Technological advances are changing our
lives very rapidly. Nowadays we can't do without such gadgets as mobile phones,
GPS, digital tape recorders, air conditioners, fax machines and so on. Many
people feel ill at ease without their laptop computers or GPS navigation
In my opinion, technology facilitates
our lives and saves our time. Computers help us do the most difficult sums and
investigate complicated data. People do business, communicate and do the
shopping via the Internet. It is much easier to do housework nowadays, thanks
to electric equipment such as microwave ovens, washing machines and so on.
However, many people say that technology
makes us lazier and weaker. For example, such technological developments as
the telephone and the Internet have made communication much easier, but they
can cause the loss of social interaction. A lot of people prefer communicating
through a keyboard than face to face. That is why people don't meet as often as
they did in the past. A lot of people are fond of watching TV and playing
computer games. They spend hours in front of the screen. They have no time to
read books or to communicate with their friends. They move less, speak less and
they even think less. Of course, such way of life does much harm to their
To sum up, people should continue to
develop technology, but they must do it wisely. Otherwise we may regret in the
Some people say that
technical devices do more harm than good. However, others think that it is
impossible to live without computers or mobile phones nowadays.
Nowadays people can't imagine their
lives without different technical devices. Every day we use computers, laptops,
mobile phones, i-Pods, digital tape recorders and so on.
I have always wondered if our lives
could be better without these technical devices. Personally, I can't do without
my computer as it helps me study. For example, it helps me prepare reports and
create beautiful presentations. Besides, the computer is a great source of
entertainment. I often play computer games, watch films or listen to music. The
Internet helps me learn the latest news, access useful information, communicate
with my friends and what not. A mobile phone is a vital part of my daily life.
It gives me an opportunity to be reachable everywhere and to keep in touch with
However, many people say that technical
devices enslave those who use them. Besides, they do much harm to our health.
For example, if people spend much time in front of the screen, they have
problems with their eyesight and sleep. They don't go out or exercise, they
feel exhausted and depressed. Computer games can cause addiction and make
people aggressive. As for mobile phones, they use electromagnetic radiation
which can influence our health in a negative way.
To conclude, I would prefer a
technological way of life to a natural one, though it has a number of
disadvantages. In my opinion, modern society can't do without progress and
technology. People can avoid the risk to human life and health if they use
technological devices wisely.
have become very popular nowadays. However, some people say that their use
should be restricted.
Mobile phones have changed people's
lives. They give us an opportunity to stay in touch and to be reachable
everywhere. It is very comfortable, especially for the busy modern lifestyle.
So, the mobile phone has become a vital part of our daily lives and it is difficult
to imagine how people lived without mobile phones in the past.
In my opinion, the mobile phone is a
very useful device. Thanks to it, I can access people I need to speak to and I
can never miss anything important. If I need some help, I just call my friends
and they rush to rescue me. If I have a meeting and Гm late, I can send an SMS
with my excuses. It is very fast and convenient. What is more, with the help of
my mobile phone I can access the Internet, send and receive photos and video,
play games, listen to music and what not.
However, mobile phones have some
disadvantages. Firstly, they deprive people of privacy and it is almost
impossible to relax with your mobile phone on. Secondly, many people are
worried about the harmful influence of mobile phones on their health. Mobile
phones use electromagnetic radiation. Scientists say that there is no
significant health effect from mobile phone radiation. But still it is better
not to use your mobile phone too often.
To sum up, a mobile phone is very useful
because it gives us the freedom of movement. It has made communication much
easier. But we shouldn't forget that a face-to-face conversation is much better
than just a telephone talk.
Most people are used
to sending e-mails and SMS messages. But others still prefer traditional paper
letters or phone calls.
Nowadays more and more people are
sending e-mails and SMS messages, while others say that it may lead to the loss
of social interaction.
Personally, I communicate with my
friends through e-mails and SMS messages. To my mind, they have a number of
advantages. Firstly, both e-mails and SMS messages are rather cheap and quick.
Secondly, they are non-intrusive. In comparison with a call, they do not
interrupt a person if he or she is in the middle of a meeting and can't answer
you right now. Besides, there are no standard rules for writing e-mails and SMS
messages, and a lot of words can be shortened. Their objective is to convey a
comprehensible message as quickly as possible. That is why traditional rules
of grammar, spelling and punctuation are largely ignored.
However, a lot of people say that
sending an e-mail or SMS message is not the same as writing a letter. Paper
letters are usually intimate and long. They give you an opportunity to tell
your friends or relatives all the latest news and to express your feelings. As
for e-mails and SMS messages, they are often short and impersonal. You can't
see the sender's handwriting, you can't feel the crisp paper and you are not
likely to re-read these messages. But I still believe that sending e-mails and
SMS messages is more effective than writing letters.
To conclude, when we are short of time,
e-mails and SMS messages are the best way of communication. But if we want to
give or learn more detailed information, letters or phone calls are better.
The Internet has
revolutionized the way people live and work. However, some people think it has
more drawbacks than advantages.
The Internet is a great source of
information and entertainment for many people. It has made possible new forms
of social interaction and has become a major source of leisure.
Personally, I can't imagine my life
without the Internet. Thanks to it, I have an opportunity to access news,
documents, images, sounds, video, games and sports reports, to make friends, to
book tickets and to purchase different things online. There are a lot of
different sites for pupils, students, gardeners, engineers, bankers, people who
are fond of music, cinema, sports and even for disabled people. What is more,
the Internet has revolutionized the way people communicate. Sending electronic
text messages is much faster and easier than writing letters. People use e-
mail to stay in touch with friends worldwide.
However, there are still a lot of people
who think that the Internet has too many disadvantages. Internet-addiction is a
topical problem nowadays. Spending much time in front of the screen becomes a
kind of obsession for many people. The symptoms of Internet addiction include
sleep deprivation, decreased physical activity and social interaction with
others. People who spend most of their time in the virtual world forget about
the real one. They neglect their relatives and ruin their families. Besides,
there is a lot of rubbish online and you can't always trust what you read on
To sum up, the Internet becomes
dangerous when it is misused. But if it is used wisely and moderately, it
helps you work, study or entertain and saves plenty of time.
Internet dating is
becoming more and more popular. However, many people say that meeting people
online is dangerous.
Nowadays a lot of young people feel that
meeting people online is just the same as meeting in a bar. Many of them make
friends online and even fall in love with their virtual interlocutors.
To my mind, it is silly to trust a
person you have never seen. You can never be sure that you communicate with
the individual whose personal information and photos you see. For example, a
"young" boy may turn out to be a 50-year-old man. Besides, it is very
dangerous to give detailed personal information to complete strangers. Your
online friend may be a swindler or even a murderer. So meeting such a person
in real life may be extremely risky.
On the other hand, some people say that
internet dating has many advantages. Firstly, it is easier for shy people to
chat through a keyboard than face to face. Secondly, you can search the
Internet when you are not busy. Besides, you can talk to lots of people at the
same time and you can have several online boyfriends or girlfriends. One can
list all his or her romantic requirements and then find exactly what he or she
wants. But I still believe that face-to-face dating is much better.
To sum up, internet dating may help you
find love. If you don't meet someone in real life, it seems a great
alternative. But Internet daters must be cautious because you never know what
you are going to get from online romance.
networks have aroused great interest among Internet users. However, some people
say that they have a lot of drawbacks.
Social networks are very popular among
users of different ages and professions. But many people are concerned about
the influence of social networks on their lives.
Personally, I think that social networks
have a lot of benefits. Firstly, they link together users of the Internet who
have common interests and give people an opportunity to look for old and new
friends, to build communities, to send messages and to share news and pictures.
There are other sites which allow classmates from school or university to keep
in contact with each other. Secondly, many people use social networks to
communicate and exchange personal information for dating purposes. Thirdly,
social networks are being used by teachers and students. Teachers often help
pupils with homework and post assignments, tests or quizzes. Social networks
also serve to foster teacher-parent communication. Parents can ask questions
without having to meet teachers face to face. Finally, some people search for
job opportunities with the help of social networks.
However, some users are worried about
data theft and viruses. The problem is that many people give out too much
personal information that may be passed to third parties for different purposes.
To protect user privacy, social networks allow users to choose who can view
their profile or contact them. This prevents unauthorized users from accessing,
adding, changing, or removing personal information and pictures.
To conclude, the popularity of social
networks continues growing because more and more people find it easier to
communicate digitally. What is more, millions of people use them for fun as
well as for business and educational purposes.
performs quite a lot of jobs nowadays. However, many people are worried about
computers doing the same things that people can do.
In the 90s and early 21st century
artificial intelligence achieved its greatest success. Today clever machines
are taught to think and make decisions. But is it safe that artificial
intelligence is invading the world?
To my mind, computers and robots are
very helpful. There are more and more jobs which humans leave to robots such as
exploring another planet, defusing bombs or just doing boring household chores
like cleaning. Computers can perform a lot of functions: they can control cars
and planes, give us the news or compose music. Many factory jobs are performed
by industrial robots nowadays. It has led to cheaper production of various
goods, including automobiles and electronics. Artificial intelligence has
successfully been used in a wide range of fields including medical diagnosis,
stock trading, robot control, law, scientific discovery and toys.
However, there are some reasons to worry
about robots. Firstly, the use of robots in industry leads to unemployment as
many jobs are performed by machines. Secondly, industrial robots can be
dangerous and cause harm to human workers. Besides, many people fear that
highly intelligent robots may take over and destroy the human race. There are a
lot of books and films about people losing control over clever machines that
begin to kill their creators. But I believe that it is early to worry because
robots are still clumsy and not very intelligent.
To conclude, artificial intelligence
serves to help people and make their lives easier. That is why I think that we
should promote research in artificial intelligence. But people must be careful
and pay more attention to security.
People have different
attitude to cloning. Some of them think that cloning opens new possibilities,
while others are convinced that it is morally unacceptable.
Scientists have always dreamed of
reproducing exact copies of animals and even human beings. They have already
succeeded in this field and created Dolly, the first cloned sheep, and many
other animals. But the question of cloning, especially human one, still remains
Personally, I think that cloning plants
and animals is rather interesting and exciting. Cloned animals may be strong
and healthy and they may produce more wool, meat or milk. Besides, cloning will
help us preserve species that are on the brink of extinction. Moreover, cloning
gives people new medical possibilities. Owing to it, scientists can create
organs for transplantation and save people who need a new heart, liver or
However, quite a lot of people are
against cloning. They say that people must not interfere in the process of
creating a new life because it is the duty of nature. What is more, scientists
don't know for sure how clones will behave and what diseases they may transmit.
As for human cloning, it seems to be dangerous and morally unacceptable.
To conclude, I think that science must
develop in order to improve our lives. But people should be more careful when
they use new technologies and investigate new phenomena. So to my mind, cloning
must be used only when it is necessary to save lives and to solve important
The Large Hadron
Collider (LHC), the world's largest particle accelerator, is expected to
advance humanity's understanding of the deepest laws of nature. However, a lot
of people are worried about its existence.
The Large Hadron Collider has gained
considerable attention of the scientific community, the mass media and the
general public. Experts say that it could change physics and our understanding
of the world. But why do many people worry that the LHC would be a problem?
Personally, I'm amazed by all the
interesting theories surrounding the LHC. Scientists hope that the Large Hadron
Collider will help us answer many of the most fundamental questions concerning
the structure of space and time, extra dimensions, the nature of the dark
matter and many others. There hasn't been any advance in fundamental physics
for many years, but the LHC may help us understand how the universe works and
discover new facts about it.
However, many people are against the
LHC. The project costs much money and the LHC is considered to be one of the
most expensive scientific instruments ever built. Moreover, people fear that
the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider may be extremely dangerous and
that it may swallow Switzerland or even destroy the planet. In his famous novel
"Angels & Demons" Dan Brown describes antimatter created at the
LHC which is used in a weapon against the Vatican. But according to scientists,
the LHC presents no danger and there is no reason for concern. I strongly feel
that the experiments at the LHC should continue because they are extremely
interesting and nobody knows what is going to be found.
To conclude, I believe that the LHC may
change the face of physics forever and help answer the questions that people
have been asking since the beginning of time.
The use of polygraph
still remains controversial. Some people think that this device helps detect a
lie, while others are convinced that polygraph evidence is unreliable.
It is well-known that lying causes
bodily changes. A polygraph, or a lie detector, measures the physiological stress
a person endures while he or she gives statements or answers questions. The
device measures the suspect's heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate and
respiration. If there is increased activity in these areas, the suspect might
be lying. However, the accuracy of the polygraph has been contested almost
since the introduction of the device.
Personally, I think that a polygraph is
a very useful invention. If people believe that it can detect lies, they try to
answer truthfully. In some countries polygraphs are used to interrogate
suspects and screen new employees. Polygraph examinations sometimes help
extract confessions from a defendant.
But experts say that the accuracy of
this method is questionable. According to them, if you go into the test rested
and relaxed, if you are cooperative and try to remain calm, you are likely to
pass polygraph tests. There were some cases when polygraph failed to trap known
spies. Conversely, innocent people have been known to fail polygraph tests.
That is why polygraph results are not admissible as court evidence.
To conclude, I believe that no device or
expert can detect a lie with 100% accuracy. To my mind, polygraph can make some
people be honest, but it can also be deceived.
Some people think
that science plays the most important role in the development of our
civilization; others believe that our world would be impossible without poetry.
What does science have in common with
poetry? Science is a product of people's intellect. Poetry is a product of
their imagination and inspiration. Science deals with bacteria, atoms,
electricity, magnetic fields and so on. Poetry deals with human feelings such
as love, jealousy, hatred and others.
I believe that the world wouldn't
develop without science. The aims of science are making discoveries and
increasing human knowledge and understanding. Science deals with such areas as
the theory of evolution, the method of creation of the universe and the Earth,
the origins of life and many others. Science has already helped people answer a
lot of complicated questions. With the help of the latest achievements of
science and engineering we can solve many problems and make our lives better.
However, many people are not sure that
all we need is science. Some of them are convinced that our lives would be dull
without poetry. People's feelings are so intense, that they want to express
them using beautiful language. Poetry serves to stir our imagination and to
evoke emotional or sensual responses. While reading poetry we forget about our
problems and experience the poet's deepest dreams and fears. A good poem often
makes us laugh or cry. It also makes us think about other people's feelings.
In conclusion, I'd like to say that it's
rather difficult to live both without science and poetry. Science helps develop
technology and solve many problems. Poetry helps make our lives more colourful
and romantic. Besides, it helps us not to forget about human feelings, values
Some people think
that science has nothing in common with religion, while others are convinced
that it is not so.
There seems to be an eternal conflict
between science and religion. Religious people have disagreed or are still
disagreeing with scientists in different areas. Does it mean that there is a
great gap between science and religion?
To my mind, science and religion have
little in common. Science is a product of people's intellect. Religion is a
product of the mystical sense and it requires some unquestioned faith. Science
is based on observation, research and experiment. Religious knowledge is gained
from religious leaders, scriptures and personal revelation. Scientists are
convinced that there must be explanations for all mysterious phenomena. It has
already answered some complicated questions about bacteria, atoms, electricity,
magnetic fields and many others. Religion deals with questions which science
has not answered yet. What is the purpose of our life? Is there life after
death? What happens to the soul?
However, many people say that science
and religion are not as different as it seems to be. Many scientists dedicate
their lives to solving the riddle of existence. But the more they learn about
the world, the more complex and harder to grasp it seems to be. Many scientists
such as Albeit Einstein or Isaac Newton were devoutly religious individuals and
worked to harmonize science and religion. What scientists call the Energy is
called God by religious people. Besides, more and more scientists are becoming
religious and they are beginning to use words like "God",
"soul" or "spirituality".
To conclude, one day people may realize
that science and religion have a common ground and that spiritual power is as
important as scientific power.