It is reported that
billions of dollars are spent on space exploration projects every year. Some
people believe that this money should be used to solve problems on Earth.
People are explorers by nature and space
has always attracted them. But is it wise to spend so much money on space
exploration projects when we have so many problems on Earth?
In my opinion, space exploration is very
important to mankind. Firstly, satellites are used for radio, television, and
other electronic communication. Satellite television provides us with a great
number of channels, mobile phones facilitate communication, GPS that uses radio
signals from satellites can show you your exact position on the Earth.
Secondly, thanks to space equipment we can learn the weather forecast and
predict different cataclysms. What is more, people have always dreamed of
reaching other planets and finding other forms of life. So I think that the
more money is spent on space exploration projects, the more people learn about
the universe and their own planet.
On the other hand, a lot of people say
that it is better to solve the problems on Earth first of all. Unfortunately,
we face a great number of problems nowadays: environmental pollution, the
greenhouse effect, global warming, acid rain, ozone depletion, overpopulation
and many others. People pollute lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. They destroy
forests, kill rare animals, pick up herbs and flowers, envenom soil and make
the air foul. The world's population increases faster than the food supply.
Each year millions of deaths occur from starvation, especially in Africa, Asia
and Latin America.
To conclude, I think we must solve
problems on Earth first. To my mind, people can do without satellite
television, but they will hardly be able to live without food, clean drinking
water, fresh air or electricity.
Some people approve
of multiculturalism. However, others have a negative attitude to it.
The modern world can be called
multicultural due to racial, cultural and ethnic diversity. Through the process
of globalization and immigration modern society has become a mixture of
different nations and cultures. However, different people have different
attitude to multiculturalism.
Personally, I believe that
multiculturalism supports the ideals of a democratic society in which every
person is free and equal in dignity and rights. It leads to understanding,
friendship and respect among racial and ethnic groups. All people are equal
which enables them to participate fully in the social, cultural, economic and
political life irrespective of their race, religion, colour of skin or origin.
What is more, thanks to multiculturalism we can enjoy foreign goods, food,
music, ideas, technologies and practices. To my mind, the positive attitude to
multiculturalism plays a very important role in the fight against all forms of
But unfortunately, some people have a
negative attitude to multiculturalism as they believe that it erodes social
stability. People's prejudices and fears may lead to racial discrimination,
social conflicts and violence. I strongly feel that it is wrong to think that
one's own race or ethnic group is more important than others and that its
culture is superior to the culture of other groups.
To conclude, people should be
understanding and tolerant of multiculturalism because it helps us create a
united and harmonious society where every member enjoys equal rights.
Our grandparents say
their way of life was much more secure. However, young people have more life
A lot of elderly people like talking
about good old days and they often say that life in the past was much better
than life today. But is it really so?
Personally I think that modern life is
more satisfying than the life in the past. Firstly, nowadays there are
different technical devices that make our lives easier and save our time. Every
day we use computers, laptops, i-Pods, digital tape recorders, GPS navigation
systems and so on. The mobile phone and the Internet have made communication
much easier. Secondly, travelling has become faster and more convenient.
Thirdly, young people have more opportunities to receive good education and to
find a well-paid job nowadays. In any city there are a lot of educational
establishments and a great number of firms which need qualified specialists.
Besides, there is a wide choice of entertainment in a big city.
However, modern life is full of dangers.
The Internet causes addiction and the loss of social interaction. Technical
progress harms the environment. People suffer from acid rains, the greenhouse
effect, ozone depletion, the extinction of rare animals and plants and other
calamities. Overpopulation is another reason for environmental problems as the
more people there are on Earth, the more they pollute. Thousands of people are
infected with AIDS and other incurable diseases every day. What is more,
modern life is full of stress.
To sum up, modern life has its
advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, it is eventful and it gives us
more life opportunities. On the other hand, it is rather dangerous and full of
problems. Anyway, I prefer the excitement of the present.
Everybody knows that
smoking is dangerous and it must be banned. However, more and more people smoke
It is not a secret that smoking ruins
people's health. However, statistics show that millions of men, women,
teenagers and even children practice smoking.
I have always wondered what makes people
light up a cigarette. Smoking is extremely dangerous. Nicotine is a drug that
causes addiction like heroin. Smoking causes a lot of serious diseases such as
many forms of cancer, heart attacks, asthma, bronchitis and many others. People
who smoke have yellow teeth, bad breath, dry skin and premature wrinkles. What
is more, smokers do harm to the health of those people who surround them.
But in spite of all warnings, people
continue smoking. Some of them say that they like the taste or smell of
cigarettes or because it helps them steady their nerves and think. Others say
that it helps them make friends and feel relaxed in a company of smoking
people. For many children and teenagers smoking is the first step out of childhood.
But I strongly feel that it is silly to begin smoking in order to show off.
To sum up, smoking shortens people's
lives. That is why there must be more restrictions, bans and anti-smoking
advertising in every country. Smoking must be banned in public places,
including offices, restaurants, bars and night clubs.
Our life is full of
stress. Some people say that they feel stressed almost every day, while others
think that it is possible to cope with stress and to relax.
There are a lot of stressful events in
our lives. Losing a job, having difficulties at home or at work or just moving
to a new flat may cause stress. Besides, we may feel stressed because of
constant fatigue, physical and moral exhaustion and monotony. Some people say
that it is impossible to avoid stress. But is it really so?
It is a well-known fact that stress may
result in a real breakdown of health. That is why it is very important to try
to avoid stress or at least to minimize it. In my opinion, one of the best ways
to cope with stress is to keep a sense of humor in difficult situations. I
think laughter is the best medicine for all diseases. Besides, if you feel
depressed, you can try some relaxing hobbies such as yoga, swimming, bicycling,
painting or gardening.
Of course, people react to stress in
different ways. Some of us are more vulnerable to it than others. A lot of
people don't know how to cope with stress. They begin overeating, smoking,
drinking, and even taking drugs. But junk food, cigarettes, sleeping pills and
alcohol don't help. On the contrary, they make things much worse. I believe
that the best way to cope with stress is to forget about your problems, to take
breaks and to be enthusiastic.
Unfortunately, stress is inevitable. It
may have a negative influence on our physical and mental health. But sometimes
stress helps us develop and makes us stronger. To my mind, the main thing is
not to lose control and to stay positive.
A lot of people
believe that it is impossible to get rid of poverty. Others say that poverty
can be reduced.
Nowadays millions of people live in
poverty. They are deprived of common necessities such as food, clothing,
shelter and safe drinking water. They also suffer from the lack of access to
opportunities such as education, information, health care and employment.
I have always wondered if it is possible
to get rid of poverty. I strongly feel that it is not fair that the rich live
in luxurious houses and drive expensive cars, while the poor lack access to
health services, suffer hunger and experience mental and physical health
problems. All people are born equal. So why do they live in different
conditions? To my mind, there must be more poverty reduction programs as well
as institutions dedicated to tackling poverty. In politics, the fight against poverty
must be regarded as the most important goal. Besides, developed nations ought
to help developing countries.
However, it is not so easy to fight
poverty. Poverty may be caused by different factors including geographic
factors, unemployment, overpopulation, war, discrimination and many others. So
if we want to reduce poverty, we must solve quite a lot of global problems
To sum up, the problem of poverty
remains unsolved nowadays. In my view, governments must take some urgent
measures to fight poverty because it often goes hand in hand with crime and it
may destroy society. Anyway, poverty must be reduced for reasons of justice and
Most people are
worried about the problem of overpopulation. Others think that the situation
is not as terrible as it seems to be.
At the present time the earth
accommodates more than 6 billion people. The world's population is growing so
fast because people live longer owing to better medical care and nutrition.
Besides, more babies are born, especially in developing countries. But how can
overpopulation threaten people's life on Earth?
In my opinion, overpopulation makes the
standard of living worse. The world's population increases faster than the food
supply. Each year millions of deaths occur from starvation, especially in
Africa, Asia and Latin America. If the world's population continuous growing,
it will be very difficult to produce enough food and goods. More people need
more water, minerals, shelter and clothes. Population growth is another reason
for environmental problems as the more people there are on Earth, the more they
pollute. They drive cars, throw away litter, cut down forests, use electricity,
build roads and plants and deplete the planet's resources.
On the other hand, in many European countries
the average woman has only one child. In many big cities fertility rates are
falling because some people think that it is rather expensive to have a child.
Most young women dream of making a career. So they say they have much to lose
by becoming mothers. As a result, families are getting smaller and smaller.
To sum up, the real situation is not so
bad. To my mind, the problem of overpopulation can be solved if there is
population control in some countries. Anyway, nobody knows what will happen to
the human race in ten or twenty years.
Some people are
convinced that the concept of pacifism may become reality, while others say it
is a kind of Utopia.
Humans have always been competing for
better life. Pacifists believe that war and violence are always wrong. But is
it really possible to create the world where nonviolence, love and patience
rule or is it just a dream?
I strongly feel that since nuclear
weapons appeared, people have understood that war cannot be used to settle
confrontations. To my mind, the costs of war are so substantial that better
ways of resolving disputes must be found. Fortunately, some countries have
already adopted pacifism to conduct foreign policy. They reject war and stick
to a neutral role. Some pacifists say it is necessary to establish a world
government in order to prevent and control international aggression.
In theory, people are creating a
"peace-loving" society. In practice, there are still some military
conflicts and tension between different countries. Civilization is still far
from establishing a world government. What is more, the modern world is not
perfect enough to avert wars. But I'm convinced that nonviolent action is
morally superior and more effective.
To conclude, everybody wants to live in
a peaceful world. That is why people must reduce regional and international
conflicts and avoid all attributes which could tend to war. I believe that
international disputes can and must be peacefully resolved. All in all, any
violence is morally wrong.
Some people say that
gambling is just entertainment, while others are convinced that it ruins
For centuries people have spent a lot of
money trying to beat the laws of probability. Some of us find gambling quite
innocent. But most people believe that gambling is one of the worst temptations
that exist in this world. This problem is taking on greater proportions as
gambling, especially online gambling, becomes more popular.
I have always wondered what makes people
risk their money or possessions. Of course, everybody hopes to gain an income.
Some people even succeed in winning additional money or material goods. Others
consider gambling to be a form of recreation. They enjoy gambling for the
thrill of it, and they both have fun and earn a little money.
But while some people enjoy the
entertainment value of a horse track or casino, others can become addicted to
gambling which threatens their financial and family's well-being. Many gamblers
are possessed by the idea of getting rich quick. They often continue risking
their money even after repeated losses. In my opinion, an addiction to gambling
is like an addiction to any other thing. However, since it does not have any
physical signs, most people discover that their relatives or friends are
addicted only when it becomes too late. What is more, many people say that
casinos contribute to crime because some gamblers resort to stealing.
To conclude, gambling must be banned or
at least heavily controlled. Unfortunately, quitting gambling is just as hard
as quitting smoking or taking drugs. I believe that gambling addicts must
receive medical treatment. Otherwise they may ruin their lives and the lives of
their nearest and dearest.
Some people say that
in the modern world we are losing our sense of spirituality. Others are
convinced that people still need faith.
In the past faith played a central role
in people's daily lives. But the situation is quite different today. A lot of
people never attend religious services of any kind and some of them say they
have no religion at all. But what could have brought about such a dramatic
break from tradition and how can it influence our way of life?
I have always wondered what role faith
plays in our lives. In my opinion, faith can help people cope with difficult
emotions or moral decisions. When everything goes wrong and you feel extremely
unhappy, faith can help. I think that a person who believes in God has courage,
hope, confidence, calmness and assuring trust that all will come out well.
Faith helps people overcome all difficulties and remain optimistic whatever
Unfortunately, scientific advances have
made many people question their religious beliefs. The terrible events of the
20th century have also made others question the existence of God. A lot of
people say that science is more important than religion because it tries to
solve the problems connected with reducing pollution, protecting biological
diversity, saving energy and natural recourses and many others. But I strongly
feel that if we want to resolve the global crisis and to improve our cultural,
social, economic and political systems, we need faith and spirituality.
To conclude, people need to change their
attitudes, values and beliefs. Faith can help us become kinder, more generous
and responsible. I believe that it will make our lives much happier.
Some people prefer
to escape from boring reality from time to time. Others say that escapism
cannot help them solve their problems.
People have always tried to escape from
reality in one way or another. They try to forget about bad or boring things
with the help of different activities and entertainment such as reading books,
going to the theatre, travelling and so on. But does it help people change
their lives for the better and what are the possible consequences of escapism?
To my mind, people escape from reality
for different reasons. Some of them are dissatisfied with their lives and don't
know how to improve the situation. Others have dreams that they think will
never come true because these people lack self-confidence and have low
self-esteem. I strongly feel that if people are dissatisfied with their lives,
they must do something. To forget about your problems and to solve them are two
Nevertheless, some people prefer to
follow the line of least resistance and never to take risks. If something goes
wrong, they usually give up and never make one more attempt. They prefer to
forget about all bad things that happened to them. Some philosophers say that
escapism is not exclusively negative. It is just a different reality. But I
believe that escapism is only for weak and indecisive people.
To sum up, those who escape from reality
don't want to accept themselves as they are. They often feel depressed and
unhappy because they are unable or reluctant to connect with the world. I think
it is better to face the reality and try to solve your problems and overcome
difficulties. Anyway, it is impossible to escape from something all the time.
Some people say that
capital punishment should be allowed, while others are convinced that it is
unacceptable in a human society.
Capital punishment has been used for a
wide variety of offences since ancient times. Nowadays many countries have
already abolished the death penalty, but it is still used for certain crimes in
the USA, China, Japan and many Asian and Middle Eastern countries.
Personally, I am not sure if capital
punishment should be allowed. To my mind, it is morally wrong to kill
criminals, no matter what they have done. The death penalty runs counter to the
principles of humanism. There is also a possibility that innocent people will
be executed and that there will be no way of compensating them for such
injustice. Opponents of the death penalty are convinced that it is needlessly
cruel and that life imprisonment is a more rational alternative.
However, some people believe that
capital punishment is morally right if it is used for punishing murderers.
Firstly, capital punishment removes the most dangerous criminals from society
and should prove much safer for the rest of us than long term or permanent
incarceration. Secondly, the fear of death penalty may prevent many people from
committing crimes. Besides, some people think that it is wrong to keep
criminals in prison at the expense of taxes. The government would better spend
more money on the old, the young and the sick rather than on murderers. But can
we deprive a person of his or her life? Do we have the right to murder? I don't
To conclude, I believe that the death
penalty removes our humanity In the case of the worst criminals, this may be
acceptable but it is more questionable in the case of less awful crimes.
The problem of
xenophobia is discussed by many people nowadays. Some of them say that it is
important to be tolerant, while others disagree with this point of view.
I have always wondered why some people
have strong fear or dislike of those from other countries. The problem of
xenophobia is very topical nowadays. It is especially widespread in large
cities with multinational population.
Tolerance is a respectful attitude to
people who differ from us. To my mind, it is prejudice to think that some races
are superior and some of them are inferior. I strongly feel that it is primitive
and silly to divide people into types and classes. In my opinion, we should
treat another person as an equal.
However, in reality some people have a
feeling of distrust and aversion to something or someone different and unusual.
They are used to understanding those people who have the same traditions and
who speak the same language as they do. And that is why people of other nations
seem strange. Unfortunately, people's intolerance may lead to racial
discrimination, social conflicts and violence. So we must develop mutual
understanding and respect. Besides, we should learn to make a compromise.
To conclude, tolerance is a very
important element of our lives, culture and communication. It is another word
for humanity, equality and fairness. Tolerance is very important if we want to
have happy future and global security.
It seems that people
of different nationalities will never understand each other. However, others
believe that countries can work together to improve tolerance.
Today we live in the world of racial,
cultural and ethnic diversity. People differ in appearance, colour of skin, way
of thinking, customs and behaviour. Every race has its own culture and its own
beliefs. That is why there is often some misunderstanding between people of
different nationalities. So the question arises if anything can be done in
order to improve tolerance.
To my mind, governments can do much to
improve tolerance. Some international conferences and meetings can be organized
in order to discuss the most vital problems of people of different
nationalities and to exchange experience. I think it is very important to work
out educational programs for universities, colleges, schools and even
kindergartens. We must teach children, teenagers and young people to be
patient, respectful and tolerant. And of course we mustn't forget that family
upbringing is of great importance for any child, that's why countries should
think about special educational programs for parents.
However, many people say that some
misunderstanding between people of different nationalities will always exist.
Watching the latest news on TV we can always learn about military conflicts and
racial strives. People are accustomed to cruelty and their behaviour becomes
aggressive and uncontrollable. And if they feel angry and depressed, they want
to find somebody to blame for their troubles. So they blame people of other
nationalities and vent their anger and vexation on them. But I think that in
spite of all this, we must co-exist peacefully.
To sum up, if there is tolerance among
people, we shall live in harmony. But it will be possible only if we plunge
into the culture, religion, traditions and language of other nations.
Disabled people are
often considered to be miserable. However, some people believe that the
disabled are much happier nowadays.
Most of us think that disabled people
are extremely unhappy because they are confined to their homes and cannot
perform the same functions that we do. But others are convinced that it is it
just a stereotype.
To my mind, the lives of disabled people
are easier nowadays. Firstly, in many European countries public buildings have
ramps and toilets big enough for wheelchairs. Secondly, many companies are not
allowed to refuse a person a job on the grounds that he or she has only one
leg, or cannot speak. Thirdly, thanks to different things like the Para
Olympics disabled people's self- esteem has risen enormously. Today they have
realized their ability to compete with everyone else. Finally, new technology
works wonders. For instance, artificial limbs enable people to walk and run as
fast as everyone else. Cars are adapted so that people can drive them with only
one leg, or even no legs at all.
However, in many developing countries
there are no facilities for disabled people. What is more, it is fashionable to
be beautiful and healthy in modern society, so a handicapped person may become
an outcast. Most disabled people suffer from loneliness and lack of
communication. Some of them become burdens on their families because they are
unemployed and depend on their relatives. But I think that many disabled people
are very talented. They can work, support their families and contribute to
To conclude, I strongly feel that
disabled people have rights just like everyone else. They are part of society
and they must never be forgotten or left behind.